Polyps are abnormal tissue growths that can occur in different areas of the body. In the context of fertility, we are particularly interested in uterine and cervical polyps. Uterine polyps are small, benign growths that emerge from the inner lining of the uterus, while cervical polyps develop on the cervix.
Where Can Polyps Be Found?
Uterine Polyps: These are found in the lining of the uterus (endometrium).
Cervical Polyps: These occur on the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that extends into the vagina.
How Do Polyps Impact Fertility?
Polyps can potentially interfere with fertility in several ways:
Obstruction of the Fallopian Tubes: Uterine polyps can obstruct the fallopian tubes, hindering the movement of the egg from the ovaries to the uterus.
Implantation issues: Polyps may interfere with the implantation of the fertilised egg in the uterus, leading to difficulties in achieving and maintaining pregnancy.
Altered uterine environment: The presence of polyps can create an unfavourable environment for embryo implantation and foetal development.
Fortunately, polyps are often treatable, and their removal can improve fertility. Common treatment options include:
Hysteroscopy: A minimally invasive procedure where a thin, lighted tube is inserted into the uterus to visualise and remove the polyps.
Polypectomy: The surgical removal of polyps, often performed during a hysteroscopy.
Medication: Hormonal medications may be prescribed to shrink or eliminate polyps.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Can polyps go away on their own?
While some polyps may resolve without intervention, many require medical attention, especially if they are affecting fertility.
Do polyps always cause fertility issues?
Not necessarily. While polyps can impact fertility, some individuals with polyps may still conceive without difficulties.
Are polyp removal procedures painful?
Procedures like hysteroscopy and polypectomy are generally well-tolerated and often performed with minimal discomfort.
Can polyps come back after removal?
There is a chance of polyp recurrence, but regular monitoring and appropriate medical care can help manage this risk.